Tuesday, April 8, 2014

Monday, April 7, 2014

Joseph A. Gavagan 1892-1968 - U.S. Congress - Justice State Supreme Court

Joseph A. Gavagan

JosephA. Gavagan 

However, his main thrust was trying to pass his Anti-Lynching law. Having grown up in New York's Hell's Kitchen, he saw not only the discrimination in the city against the Irish, but the horrible way that Blacks were treated. He spent his entire time in Congress attempting to convince his fellow members that there was something simply wrong that a mob could control the law. 

His bill was never passed because Claude Pepper, J. William Fulbright and the other Southern Congressman were able to block it. Pepper, in his later years, as the guardian of the elderly, admitted his one regret was that he voted against the Gavagan Anti-Lynching Law.

                                                                              Patrick Burns/The New York Times 
Vincent R. Impellitteri, right, at his swearing in as the mayor of New York City by Justice Joseph A. Gavagan of State Supreme Court in November 1950.

(Impellitteri, briefly a former law clerk and secretary to Justice Gavagan)


Philip Gengembre Hubert – Patent – Solar Hot Water Heater - 1901

Not certain if this works on gravity and water pressure or if “plates” mentioned are metal or glass.

In practice I have succeeded in heating the water in the tank to 144 Fahrenheit, and it has fallen by 10 Fahrenheit during the night.

The heater is simple, effective, and may be furnished at-a comparatively slight cost.

It is obvious that slight changes might be resorted to in the form and arrangement of the several parts without departing from the spirit and scope of my invention. Hence I do not wish to limit myself strictly to the structure herein shown and described; but

What I claim is - A solar heater comprising a broad thin heating-chamber having its top and bottom plates so spaced as to spread the water there in into a thin film, thereby causing the entire amount of water to come into close proximity to the one or the other of the plates, a tank, a pipe leading from the lower portion of the tank to the heating-chamber, a pipe leading from the heating-chamber to the upper portion of the

packed as to liquid in the tank, and a draw-off pipe connected-with the pipe leading from the heating-chamber to the-tank,- the said pipe leading from the heating-chamber to the tank being provided with a swing-section supported by a float within the tank.